Virginia Poverty Law Center

Understanding a 30-Day Notice to Vacate

If your landlord thinks you broke the rules of your lease in a way you can’t fix, they might give you a letter that says you have to leave within 30 days.

What is the notice called?

The letter about this type of lease violation might be called one of these things:

  • 30-Day Notice to Vacate
  • Notice of Lease Termination
  • Notice of Non-Remediable Breach

What does it mean?

It means the landlord will end your lease 30 days after the date of the letter. If you don’t move out by then, they can start a court case to evict you.

It also means the landlord thinks you broke the lease in a way that can’t be fixed so you can stay. That is what non-remediable means.

Here are some examples of lease violations that are non-remediable:

  • Threatening a property manager with serious harm.
  • Physically assaulting another resident.
  • Committing a crime that threatens health or safety.
  • A repeated violation that you corrected earlier, after you got a notice from the landlord.

What’s in the notice?

This notice has three main pieces of information:

  1. A description of what the landlord says you did to break your lease.
  2. The rule or lease paragraph you violated.
  3. The date when the lease will end.

Keep in mind

  • Even after the deadline in the notice is up, your landlord can’t just force you out. They have to go through the court process and get the sheriff involved. See all the steps in that process.
  • Go to Fight my eviction to learn how you can respond to a landlord’s 30-day notice to vacate.

You may want to talk to a lawyer for specific advice. Contact your local Legal Aid office to see if you qualify for free help.

Take action

Learn what you can do to try to stay in your home and avoid eviction.

Fight my eviction

Sometimes, you can't avoid eviction if your landlord wants you out. But it is always good to learn how the law can protect you and what you can do about your situation.